Papers of BAS

Abstracting / Indexing

Papers of BAS. Humanities and Social Sciences

Vol. 9, 2022, No. 1

Inside the tremendous tobacco industry of Haskovo in the 20th century


Abstact. The article presents a short extract from the monography The Untold Stories of Haskovo Merchants and Fabricants which is the first complete and detailed economic history of Haskovo region from 19th to 21st century, with great contribution to the local and national history. The article follows the history from the introduction of tobacco processing and cigarette making to the tobacco worker strikes in 1953, which is the most essential part of the history of the tremendous tobacco industry of Haskovo. The subject has been elaborated little and unsufficiently by Bulgarian historians and quite well by foreign ones, more or less correct in the historical data and detail, but competently captured the local culture and lifestyle in spirit of time.

Keywords: tobacco industry, Haskovo, Herzog and Co., Georgi Ioannou, State Tobacco Monopoly