Papers of BAS Humanities and Social Sciences
Vol. 4, 2017, No 2
THE RISE OF MODERN TECHNOSCIENCE:&NBSP;SOME CONCEPTUAL CONSIDERATIONS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF S&T STUDIES
Abstract. The article examines the heterogeneity in modern conceptions of techno- science and the need for their rethinking in the perspective of S&T studies. The specific “mainstream” in the study of technoscience is identified, on the basis of the so-called convergent approach. The article proposes the generalizing thesis that modern science is naturally evolving towards technoscience, and grounds the respective S&T studies con- ceptual framework providing a view of the essence of technoscience as related to the creation of a symbiotic and synergetic relationship between science and technologies, as well as a view of the scope of this phenomenon, which, according to the author, en- compasses all branches of modern science, to various degrees. A brief reconstruction is given of the development of technoscience in the perspective of the proposed conceptual framework. In conclusion, technoscience is described as the new paradigm of the future, which will actively affect social development and has the potential to significantly change our way of life.
Keywords: technoscience, conceptual clarification, S&T studies, convergence of science and technology, social responsibility of R&D